Tag Archives: Theodore Roosevelt

Rita Bay’s Wonder of the World #2: Mount Rushmore


The Avenue

The Shrine to Democracy features the 60-foot high faces of four American presidents sitting 500 feet up looking out over South Dakota’s Black Hills. Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln were selected by sculptor because of their role in preserving the Republic and expanding its territory. Controversy was involved with the construction of the monument because the Black Hills area was granted by an early treaty with the US to the Lakota Sioux. The US later exerted a claim to the area.


Confederate Memorial Stone Mountain, GA

In 1927, sculptor Gutzon Borglum who had  worked on the Confederate Memorial at Stone Mountain selected the Presidents to be honored and began drilling into granite of the mile+ high mountain near Keystone, South Dakota. After 14 years and $1 million the project was completed by Lincoln Borglum with no loss of life.  The Avenue of Flags, the primary approach to the monument, features the flags of all of the states and territories. The Memorial is managed by the National Parks Service.

FYI, the monuments were originally designed to be carved from waist up. The design was modified to busts only due to financial limitations.  The original carving of Jefferson that was located on Washington’s right but was dynamited and recarved because of technical problems with the rock.

Tomorrow, St. Peter’s Basilica     Rita Bay

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The Rough Riders

Roosevelt's Rough Riders

The “Rough Riders” was the name bestowed on the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, which was raised in 1898 for the Spanish-American War. President William McKinley called upon 1,250 volunteers to assist in the war efforts. Theodore Roosevelt, a former assistant secretary of the Navy, who had supported US involvement in the Cuban independence commanded “Roosevelt’s Rough Riders.”

      Colonel Roosevelt played a key role in the outcome of the Spanish-American war by his company’s brave charge that took down the Spanish defenders at San Juan Heights. This allowed the Americans to capture Santiago de Cuba, a stronghold of the Spanish army. The Spanish cruisers left port where they encountered and were defeated by the United States Navy.  On August 12, 1898, the Spanish government surrendered to the United States and agreed to an armistice that relinquished their control of Cuba and granted the United States the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. The Spanish-American War also began a trend of United States intervention in foreign affairs which has lasted to present day.

 Tomorrow, the World Trade Center Flag   Rita Bay

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