Tag Archives: Andrew Jackson’s adopted children

Orphan & Last Presidential Revolutionary War Veteran

Andrew Jackson

      Events in Andrew Jackson’s life caused him to hate the British. Jackson was born on March 15, 1767 along the North/Couth Carolina border, two years after his family had emigrated from Ireland. The red-headed, blue-eyed baby was born three weeks after his father died in an accident.

     Jackson was the last President who was a veteran of the Revolutionary War. He and his two older brothers served in the Revolutionary War.  His older brother Hugh died of heat exhaustion during the Battle of Stono Ferry in 1779.  Andrew who served as an orderly to Col. William Richardson and his brother Robert were captured and held prisoner by the British.  They almost starved to death in captivity.  While in prison, they contracted smallpox and Robert died a few days after they were released in April, 1781.  Once she was assured that her only living son would survive, Jackson’s mother volunteered as a nurse during a cholera outbreak on prison ships in Charleston Harbor.  Elizabeth herself died from cholera in November, 1781, leaving Andrew an orphan at 14. 

      Jackson moved west and worked at a saddler’s, taught school, and studied law.  He was admitted to the bar in 1787 at the age of 20 and began his career in law that eventually brought him into politics.  He became wealthy as a land speculator and planter and by 1804 had acquired the Hermitage.

     Jackson, though childless, was the father to many.  Jackson had two adopted sons, Andrew Jackson Jr, the son of Rachel’s brother Severn Donelson, and Lyncoya, a Creek Indian orphan adopted by Jackson after the Creek War.  The Jacksons also acted as guardians for eight other children including the two sons of Rachel’s brother, Rachel’s orphaned grand nephew, and the three orphaned children of Edward Butler, a family friend.


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